Recently, I’ve been creating a new module for the IELTS writing test. I gathered a lot of information online aside from Speaking Test materials, which I’ve been working on for the past weeks. I also stumbled upon this grammar review article, that I thought would be helpful to IELTS test takers.
Grammar Review #1: Particles and Phrasal Verbs
Generally speaking, a particle is a word that doesn’t belong to the usual classes of words like noun, verb, pronoun, etc.
Authorities disagree as to which words to call “particles,” but most agree that the to of an infinitive and the words that look like adverbs or prepositions in a phrasal verb are particles. Compare:
The family traveled to Paris. (preposition governing the noun Paris.) Now they are ready to go home. (particle, part of the infinitive “to go.”)
Jack and Jill went up the hill. (preposition governing hill) Mr. Abrams will set up the conference room for the next meeting. (particle, part of the phrasal verb “set up.”)
The particle most likely to cause difficulty for the non-native speaker is the “adverbial particle” used to create a phrasal verb.
Phrasal verbs present difficulties for non-native speakers because their meaning is difficult or impossible to guess from the individual words that make them up. For example:
His son said that he was ready to turn in.
Where were you when the meeting broke up?
Some phrasal verbs have different meanings, according to context. For example:
put out He put out the light and went to bed. (“extinguish” in the sense of interrupting an electric current) The firemen put out the fire. (“extinguish” in the sense of smothering flames) Don’t forget to put out the cat before you leave the house. (“place outside”) Via dailywritingtips.com
Here’s this very helpful article that provides questions and answers to test one’s writing skills. This could help those who want to expand their knowledge in writing and succeed during the IELTS test.
Grammar 101: Test your PR writing skills with eight quick questions Metis Communications
Whether you are writing blog posts, pitches, press releases or bylines, it’s important to be as error-free as possible. Typos, grammatical mistakes and convoluted writing will likely confuse your reader, and possibly even turn him off from your content entirely, discrediting any authority you might have. Take our quick quiz to test your knowledge and perhaps pick up a few PR grammar tips to apply to your next writing assignment.
Correct answer: a. When combining two adjectives or adverbs to describe a noun, you do not need a hyphen if the first descriptor ends in “–ly.”
Correct answer: b. “Everybody” is singular, so the corresponding pronouns should also be singular. “His or her” can get clunky, so feel free to use a male pronoun some of the time and a female pronoun the rest of the time. Via metiscomm.com
The second article is for Press Release writing, but it has loads of information that can help individuals correct themselves grammatically.